Sugarcane produces a lot of biomass. As per Shree Ram Fertilizer and Chemical, on average, a 12-month crop yields huge tons of dry matter per hectare. On average, each tonne of output removes 1.25 kilograms of KNOW, 0.66 kilograms of POX, and 2.25 kilograms of N. Using this method, N, P2O5, and K20 can be reduced by 20-40%, with efficiency often falling between these two extremes.
To increase cane and sugar yields, an optimal manuring practice is essential. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are three of the most critical nutrients to apply and regulate if you want to get the most out of your farm. In this case, the Pure Crop containing NPK in the ratio 19:19:19 produced by Shree Ram fertilizer company is perhaps the best option you can go for.
Fertilizers by Shree Ram Fertilizer and Chemical
Depending on the soil type, the fertilizers employed must be of the correct timing. Nitrogen is best supplied by urea, P is best supplied by superphosphate, and K is best supplied by Muriate of potash in the majority of sugarcane soils.
Various fertilizers, on the other hand, could be utilized as well like the KMB Potash which has potash derived from molasses can be an extremely good option. It enhances the crop productivity manifold.
If organic manure or phosphorous solubilizing bacteria are utilized, rock phosphate can be used in regular cane-growing soils. Zinc and iron deficiencies have been exacerbated by intensive sugarcane production without enough quantities of traditional manure.
In general, farmers exclusively use nitrogen or nitrogen in excess, which has led to nutritional imbalances that harm the sugarcane’s juice quality. Iron chlorosis is a micronutrient issue, particularly in calcareous soils where it is caused by lime chlorosis.
Repeated spraying of ferrous sulphate at a concentration of 0.5 to 1.0 percent could remedy this. The use of Shreeram Ji which has ferrous sulphate 9% can be a great option to remove chlorosis.
Nematodes are another source of chlorosis. Zinc insufficiency is another issue with micronutrients, particularly in soils where paddy is rotated. Among Shree Ram fertilizer products, 0.5 percent ZnSO4 spray can be used to address zinc deficiency.
Ferrous sulphate can be used to spray zinc. It is possible to apply 25 kg of each ferrous sulphate and zinc sulphate to the soil per hectare. Sustainable sugarcane and sugar production rely on the timely application of enough amounts of major, secondary, and micronutrients in a variety of forms. As a result, an integrated strategy is required.
Controlling Weeds- The Best Way!
Similar to many other field crops, sugarcane has its own unique set of weed problems that must be dealt with. More than 90% of sugarcane is grown in ridge-and-furrow systems in the tropical regions of the country. However, even though sugarcane begins to sprout approximately a week after planting, full germination occurs only about five weeks later.
During this time, the soil is irrigated five to six times to maintain the ideal moisture levels necessary for the crop’s germination. During this time, the amount of sunlight that sugarcane crops block is insignificant. Seed germination and lush development in weeds are made easier by moist soil, lots of unutilized sunlight and space, and less competition from nearby sugarcane crops.
Weeds can’t germinate or thrive in most field crops after the third week of sowing/planting, since the crop canopy covers the ground and prevents light from reaching the soil. Here, the herbicides and weedicides from Shree Ram fertilizer and chemical can be used as an alternate option. Due to the crop still being in the germination period and the risk of soil disturbance damaging growing branches, sugarcane cannot be weeded in the third week.
Biological Fertilizers for Sugarcane by Shree Ram Fertilizer and Chemical
An important part of Shree Ram fertilizer and chemical’s goal is to keep crop yields high and improve or protect the physical, chemical, and biological components of soils by integrating nutrient management. Fertilizers are mixtures of active or latent microbe strains that are administered to the seed, soil, or compost to increase the microbial population and speed up particular microbial activities to improve nutrient availability in the soil or compost. Shree Ram Fertilizer and Chemical’s microbial inoculants are environmentally friendly and cost-effective, and they have a significant impact on soil fertility.
Organic and chemical fertilizers couldn’t meet sugarcane’s high demand for fertilizer, which can be met by biofertilizers as well. A wide variety of good bacteria thrive in sugarcane’s favorable microbiome environment. Nitrogen-fixing and phosphate solubilizing bacteria are among the most important microorganisms because they may provide some of the fertilizers a plant requires.
Nutrient-fixing biofertilizers by Shree Ram Fertilizer and Chemical
To name only a few of the N2 fixing bacteria commonly found in sugarcane fields, there are Azospirillums and Acetobacters and Azotobacters and Beijerinkia and Derxias and pseudomonas and Herbaspirillums. There is some evidence to suggest that Azotobacter, Azospirillum, and Acetopector are effective nitrogen-fixing biofertilizers produced by Shree Ram Fertilizer and Chemical since sugarcane crops promote their growth and proliferation.
Aerobic, free-living Azotobacter is abundant in the rhizosphere. Nitrogen is fixed and growth-promoting chemicals are produced in the rhizosphere zone by these organisms. Shree Ram fertilizers products use organic matter and plant root exudates are used to fix atmospheric nitrogen and produce growth encouraging chemicals as well as polysaccharides that improve soil physical properties. In soils with a high organic matter content, they are more effective.
Azospirillum colonizes plant roots. Azospirillum flourishes in low-oxygen rhizosphere soil and root surface. As per Shree ram fertilizer company, polysaccharides and growth-promoting chemicals are also produced by these organisms.
Acetobacter diazotrophicus has been detected in sugar-rich crops like sugarcane. As per Shree Ram fertilizer and chemical, nitrogen fixation by this microorganism is comparable to that of Rhizobium. This bacteria is an endophyte, which means it may live both on the root’s outer surface and within the plant’s tissues.