Farmers in India have long sought to identify the ideal atmospheric conditions for paddy growth. It’s an important question, as paddy (or rice) is a staple crop for millions of people in India.
Fortunately, Indian scientists from Shree Ram Fertilizer have been hard at work studying this very question. In a new study, they report on their findings about the atmospheric conditions that are most favourable for paddy growth in India.
The study is thorough, and the results may surprise you. We won’t spoil the findings for you, though. Read on to learn more about the atmospheric conditions that are best for paddy growth in India.
The Different Types Of Atmospheric Conditions as Stated by Shree Ram Fertilizer Scientists
There are five different types of atmospheric conditions that are favourable for paddy growth in India. They are:
- Cool and dry atmosphere with high relative humidity
- Warm and moist atmosphere with high relative humidity
- Warm and dry atmosphere with low relative humidity
- Cool and moist atmosphere with low relative humidity
Intermediate Type Atmosphere
The Shree Ram Fertilizer experts say that-
i) The first type is cool and dry with high relative humidity. In this condition, the temperature is below 25°C and humidity is more than 70%.
ii) The second type is warm and moist with high relative humidity. In this condition, the temperature is between 25°C to 30°C and humidity is more than 70%.
iii) The third type is warm and dry with low relative humidity. In this condition, the temperature is between 25°C to 30°C and humidity is less than 60%.
iv) The fourth type is cool and moist with low relative humidity. In this condition, the temperature is below 25°C and humidity is less than 60%.
v) The last type, which is the intermediate type, has a combination of both warm and cool conditions as well as high and low relative humidities.
As per the Shree Ram Fertilizer experts, the northeast monsoon rains are crucial for the paddy crop, which is why states such as Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh are so important for India’s rice production. These rains usually start in October and last until December.
The amount of rainfall, as well as the timing, is important for the paddy crop. Too much rain can damage the crop, while too little can also be a problem. The rains need to be spread out evenly so that the water can seep into the soil and help with the growth of the rice plants.
Temperature And wind
The temperature and wind are two of the most important atmospheric conditions for paddy growth in India. When we talked to the Shree Ram Fertilizer scientists, they said that a perfect temperature for paddy growth is between 25 degrees Celsius and 30 degrees Celsius. The optimum wind velocity for paddy growth is 3 to 5 meters per second.
The humidity is one of the most important atmospheric conditions for paddy growth in India. When the humidity is high, the paddy plant can extract more water from the soil, which will help it grow taller and produce a higher yield.
However, you need to be careful not to let the humidity get too high, as this can cause the plant to rot. Ideally, you want the humidity to be around 60-70%.
You need sunshine for the paddy to grow properly. If there is no sun, the plants will not be able to photosynthesize and produce the food they need to grow. The amount of sunlight also affects the amount of water that the plant can absorb.
Too much sun can cause the plant to wilt and too little sun can cause the plant to not grow properly, this is what the Shree Ram Fertilizer scientists have conveyed. The best conditions for paddy growth are sunny days with moderate humidity levels.
You might be wondering what the best soil type is for paddy growth. The answer is that it depends on the region, as different regions have different soil types according to the Shree Ram Fertilizer scientists.
In general, however, alluvial and lateritic soils are the most favourable for paddy growth. Alluvial soil is rich in nutrients and is well-drained, while lateritic soil is rich in iron and aluminium oxides, which are necessary for plant growth.
The ideal pH level for paddy growth is between 6 and 7.5. This range of pH levels allows for optimal nutrient uptake by the plant roots.
The Three Main Stages Of Paddy Growth
There are three main stages of paddy growth, as classified by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and supported by Shree Ram Fertilizer experts.
- The first stage is the seedling stage, which lasts for 28-35 days. In this stage, the seedlings grow and develop their root system.
- The second stage is the vegetative stage, and it lasts for 60-90 days. This is the most crucial stage, as it’s when the rice plants start to grow rapidly and develop their panicles.
- The third stage is the reproductive stage, which lasts for about 15-20 days. This is when the rice grains form and mature.
The Ideal Atmosphere For Paddy Growth
The right atmospheric conditions are crucial for paddy growth. The Shree Ram Fertilizer scientists say that you need the right mix of rainfall, temperature and humidity to get the perfect paddy crop.
Too much or too little rainfall can damage the crop, as can high or low temperatures. And humidity levels need to be just right in order to avoid fungal and bacterial growth.
All these factors mean that paddy growers have to keep a close eye on the weather and adjust their farming practices accordingly. It’s a challenging but important task and one that has a big impact on India’s food security.
Overall Guidance by Shree Ram Fertilizer Scientists
As per the message by the scientists of Shree Ram Fertilizer, India is a country with diverse geographical regions, and as a result, the climate and atmosphere also vary greatly. Nevertheless, there are certain atmospheric conditions that are favourable for paddy growth across the country. These conditions are ample sunlight, high humidity, and moderate temperature. If these atmospheric conditions are met, paddy cultivation will be successful in India. Scientists have also suggested some very useful plant growth regulators by Shree Ram Fertilizer that can bring great results in paddy cultivation.