In India, 50% of mushrooms are produced by marginal farmers and small manufacturing businesses, and the remaining 20% is produced by industrial organizations. In climate-controlled cropping houses, button mushrooms are grown in India according to the season. However, modern cultivation techniques have made it possible to grow mushrooms anywhere in India. In this article, you’ll get to know special guidelines by the experts of Shree Ram Fertilizer Company following which you can expect great outcomes for mushroom growth.
No doubt, mushrooms come with multiple benefits. Also, it is one of the most profitable agri-business. Planning for your own mushroom cultivation in India?
Here are the steps to grow mushrooms on Indian farms (As Guided By the Scientists at Shree Ram Fertilizer Company)
The first stage in growing mushrooms involves composting, which is carried out outdoors. This includes the use of clean, elevated concrete platforms to prepare the compost yard. They ought to be raised to prevent the water from accumulating at the heap.
Natural and synthetic compost are the two types of prepared compost. Basically, compost is produced in trays with measurements of 100 x 50 x 15 cm.
Cut the straw to a length of 8 to 20 cm. in breadth and then evenly distribute it to create a thin coating. After that, water is sprinkled on it to properly soak it. The remaining ingredients, such as urea and gypsum are then mixed with the wet straw and piled on top of one another.
Natural compost includes ingredients such as poultry manure, horse dung, gypsum and wheat straw. Fine slices of wheat straw must be used. Remember, dung from other animals shouldn’t be combined with that from horses. The components are combined, and then evenly distributed throughout the composting yard.
Besides, water is sprayed on the surface to wet the straws. When the temperature of the heap increases and causes it to smell, know that the compost has begun to operate.
Fill the Compost in Trays
The compost that is prepared gets dark brown in colour. When filling the compost into trays, don’t make it too wet or dry. Choose the size of the compost spreading trays as per your need and the depth should be between 15 to 18 cm. Then pour, rim and spread the compost evenly.
Spawning refers to the process of sowing the mushroom mycelium into the beds. There are two ways to spawn- either combine the grain spawn with compost before filling the trays or distribute the compost on the tray’s bed surface.
After hatching the eggs, cover the trays with old newspapers. Then sprinkle a small amount of water to maintain moisture and humidity. Besides, the top tray must have at least one meter of headspace between it and the ceiling.
The next step here is casing soil. This step is done by mixing finely crushed and sieved, rotten cow dung with the garden soil. However, here an important step is to kill the insects and pests. Here you can use Zibba from Shree Ram fertilizer company. It is a great product that helps in improving fertility. It also provides a natural environment killing all insects and pests.
After the casing soil is spread on the compost the temperature is maintained at 25⁰C for 72 hours & then lowered to 18⁰C. Remember to provide sufficient ventilation facilities during the casing stage to provide fresh air.
Cropping is another step to follow here. The pinheads start to show after 15 to 20 days of the casing. Within 5 to 6 days of this stage, tiny, white buttons begin to form. Therefore, mushrooms are ready for harvesting when the caps are tightly positioned on the short stem.
During harvesting, the cap should be gently torn off. To do this, make sure to gently hold it between your forefingers, then softly press it into the ground, and finally, twist it off. Cut off the base of the stalk where mycelial threads and soil granules adhere. Besides, in any process, if you think mushroom cultivation is being hindered you can seek help from products.
Organic Zinc is one such product from the Shree Ram fertilizer company. It has helped many farmers produce better results. It contains living organisms that help the roots absorb nutrients easily. It helps mushrooms grow to their fullest ability.
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We at Shree Ram Fertilizers are the best and leading manufacturers of fertilizers. For years, every product from Shree Ram fertilizer company has been the best. Having the best reputation, we have successfully made a name in the industry. Being certified, we make products using the finest quality raw materials.
Our products are equipped with natural amendments and tested. Also, our team members are ready to make customized products. Besides, to meet your every need, we offer a wide range of products such as Sulfr-90, RootZin and Pure Crop from Shree Ram fertilizer company. Our products have benefited farmers in huge numbers. And for this reason, our organic fertilizers are becoming popular worldwide.